Melanin is the chemical key to life.
"…melanin is capable of acting as an electron transfer agent in several reduction-oxidation systems."
"In individuals with dark skin the high melanin concentration in the epidermis absorbs high energies…"
"…melanin absorbs light at a wide range of wavelengths, from 250 nm to 1200 nm…"
"Melanin pigment [is present] in liver and heart tissue…"
"…resistance to multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis is associated with dark skin pigmentation"
"The melanin of natural animal origin has the anti-radial effectiveness […] increasing the number of alive newborn descendants…"
"Melanocyte-stimulating hormone increases in humans during pregnancy. This, along with increased estrogens, causes increased pigmentation in pregnant women."
"The presence of melanin pigments in organisms is implicated in radioprotection and in some cases, enhanced growth in the presence of high levels of ionizing radiation."
"…the incidence of pineal calcification, which reflects the secretory activity of the gland, is significantly lower in the African and American black populations as compared to the white population." —Albert Einstein College of Medicine
"Melanin and hemoglobin strongly absorb light in the ultraviolet (UV) and visible ranges and they present low absorption in the near-infrared range. Melanin in particular has a photoprotective action because of its light absorption properties (Kollias et al, 1991)."
"Evidence is presented that melanization of skin and other tissues forms an important component of the innate immune defense system. A major function of melanocytes, melanosomes and melanin in skin is to inhibit the proliferation of bacterial, fungal and other parasitic infections of the dermis and epidermis."
"…the eumelanin model had more reduced than oxidised groups accessible to reaction with the radicals." "the free radical scavenging properties of melanin may be important in the protection of melanotic cells against free radical damage, particularly if the reactive radicals are generated in close proximity to the pigment granules."
"Skin from black patients was associated with the cytoplasmic pattern of autofluorescence. Compared to lighter skin, black skin was also significantly associated with increased intensity of autofluorescence, indicating that autofluorescence of the epidermis parallels the clinical degree of pigmentation. Negro hair exhibited more fluorescence than Caucasian hair, and darker hair (brown to black) exhibited more fluorescence than lighter hair (blond). This may be related to melanin and it breakdown products."
"With respect to the solid state properties of eumelanin, the current paradigm is that these systems are amorphous organic semiconductors. This model has been used to explain the rather unusual electrical conductivity and photoconductivity…" "Equally important for understanding biological functions of melanin is adequate characterization of its metal ion binding ability…" "Melanin is believed to be a photoprotective pigment. The protective action of melanin is related to its high efficiency to absorb and scatter photons, particularly the higher energy photons from the UV and blue part of the solar spectrum. As a result of ultrafast photodynamics, energy of the absorbed photons is rapidly and efficiently converted into heat." "…melanin has been shown to be a powerful antioxidant."
"…neuromelanin is not homogeneous, as is commonly accepted, but is made up of different substrate specific black pigments formed by the oxidation of o.diphenols or other oxygenated precursors (substantia nigra melanin, locus coeruleus melanin, retinal pigmented epithelium or ocular melanin, inner-ear melanin, and so on). Ocular melanin is believed to protect the eye by trapping metals and free radicals." "Skin and ocular melanin are chemically different. However, they are both involved in light absorption/dissipation. The black particle structure (melanin cage) is believed to be fundamental to this process because there is a common bioelectric mechanism." "…it is stressed that intracellular melanogenesis is a fundamental and genetically controlled physiological process. It has been repeatedly claimed that the binding of iron, heavy metals, free radicals and harmful chemicals by substantia nigra melanin is fundamental to body detoxification/protection." "…substantia nigra melanin acts as semiconductor, transmitting and modulating nervous impulses, in a reversible way. In fact, substantia nigra melanin is absent or significantly scarce in two conditions of life in which the coordination of movement is either inefficient (newborn babies) or strongly compromised (Parkinson)."
Melanin directly converts light for vertebrate metabolic use: dark human skin.
Antioxidant properties of melanin in retinal pigment epithelial cells.
Melanin Pigments in Human Pineal Gland
Melanin protects choroidal blood vessels against light toxicity.
Melanin protects melanocytes and keratinocytes against H2O2-induced DNA strand breaks through its ability to bind Ca2+.
Neuromelanin of the substantia nigra: a neuronal black hole with protective and toxic characteristics.
Sound needs sound melanocytes to be heard.
The Expanding Role and Presence of Neuromelanins in the Human Brain
The melanin system protects cells against against irradiation
At least one cop has been disciplined for ordering the NYPD’s highest-ranking uniformed black officer out of his auto while the three-star chief was off-duty and parked in Queens, the Daily News has learned.
"How you can not know or recognize a chief in a department SUV with ID around his neck, I don’t know,” a police source said.
Chief Douglas Zeigler, 60, head of the Community Affairs Bureau, was in his NYPD-issued vehicle near a fire hydrant when two plainclothes cops approached on May 2, sources said.
One officer walked up on each side of the SUV at 57th Ave. and Xenia St. in Corona about 7 p.m. and told the driver to roll down the heavily tinted windows, sources said.
This just shows that no matter how you dress, how much you achieve in life, how educated you are, how much money you have, what your status is, some people will see you as just another black person that’s up to no good.
To those who think we live a post-racial society…
I had to double check that this wasn’t from The Onion, The Daily Currant, The Freewood Post or other such satire site out there. Ugh.
still a nigga.
I guess he wasn’t new black enough for the cops
Pharrell please help us
new blacks know that this was just a simple mistake. the law enforcement officers were just trying to keep us safe
Watch the trailer for M.I.A.’s controversial unreleased documentary before it’s pulled from the internet again. Reblog the shit out of this.
I’d watch it?
Real revolutionaries are putting in that real work.
'you can't just exclude us from from all of your spaces, that's so rude!! how would you like it if WE said that people like YOU weren't allowed in our spaces??'
well son u may want to be sitting down for this next part
lmfao rick ross…
when a majority like white/cis/straight people complain about “reverse oppression” it’s like thrashing around in the shallow end of a pool with floaties on screaming that you’re drowning when all you gotta do is stand up and walk out meanwhile the rest of us can barely tread water out in the deep end but nobody notices since the lifeguard is tryna save your whiny ass
Y E S
i have never eaten it like that, before. i have jam in my fridge from this that my dad sent me. also, the tea from the leaves works better than chamomile if you can’t go to sleep.
I can attest! I’ve fallen asleep right at the kitchen table after drinking some soursop tea lol.